Health and Fitness · December 18, 2019

Types of coughs and their treatment

Coughing is the method of eliminating an irritation from the body. When something bothers your airway or throat, your nervous system sends a notification to your brain. Your brain replies by telling the muscles in your abdomen and chest to contract and drive out a burst of air. A cough is an essential defensive reflex that assists look after your body from irritants such as smoke, mucus, and allergens such as mould, dust, and pollen.

Types of coughs

  • Wet cough

This cough typically brings up mucus and is commonly caused by a cold or the flu. It is often accompanied by symptoms, such as fatigue, postnasal drip and runny nose. Conditions that can cause a wet cough comprise:

  • asthma
  • cold or flu
  • acute bronchitis
  • pneumonia
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including emphysema and chronic bronchitis


Babies and toddlers can be treated with cool mist humidifier and saline drops can be administered in the nasal passages. Children in the age group of 3 to 5 can be given cough and cold medications after consulting with the doctor. Adults can cure wet coughs with over-the-counter cough and cold relieving medications. Antibiotic therapy may be recommended by the doctor as well.

  • Dry Cough

This type of cough does not bring up mucus. It may appear like you have an irritation in the backside of your throat activating your cough reflex, making you cough. These coughs are frequently hard to control and usually occur because of inflammation or irritation in the respiratory tract. Other causes include:

  • sore throat
  • laryngitis
  • tonsillitis
  • croup
  • asthma
  • sinusitis
  • gastrointestinal reflex disease
  • allergies
  • exposure to irritants such as smoke, dust, or air pollution
  • medications, especially ACE inhibitors


In babies and infants, dry coughs usually do not necessitate treatment. A humidifier can assist make them more comfortable. You can bring your child into a bathroom full of steam to treat dry cough. Older children can use cough drops to calm sore throats. If their condition carries on for more than three weeks, consult with your doctor about other causes. Your child might need antihistamines, antibiotics, or asthma medications. Adults may need antibiotics, asthma, antacids medications, or further testing.

It is important to note that several coughs do not necessitate a doctor’s visit. It relies on the type of cough and how long it is lasted, as well as a person’s health and age. However, people with lung diseases, such as COPD and asthma, might require treatment sooner or more often than others.

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