Things You Should Know About Dry Eye Syndrome
Nowadays, dry eyes syndrome is prevalent in adults. It can either be a part of the aging process or a symptom of another disease.
The eyes usually get dry either during the winter when exposed to cold temperature or indoor heat. This is because the glands lining the upper & lower eyelids get clogged due to inflammation after age 40. As a result, the tear production decreases ending up with poorer quality tears. According to experts, eyes should be covered with a healthy amount of tear film in order to prevent dryness.
Typically known as dry eye syndrome, this condition has been diagnosed in more than 16 million adults in the United States. People between 45-54 age and those above 75 are more likely to be diagnosed with the condition. This condition is common in women due to the hormonal changes associated with pregnancy & menopause. Here’re a few important things you might not know about the dry eyes and what to do about the condition. So let’s dive in;
Health Status Can Affect the Moisture Level of the Eyes
Medical conditions like diabetes, allergies, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disorders, lupus & rosacea can reduce tear production. As per the study, that metabolic syndrome is associated with decreased tear secretion along with a higher prevalence of dry eye.
Certain medicines such as; decongestants, antihistamines, some blood pressure medications &antidepressants can also be the cause of leaving your eyes feeling parched.
Spending Hours Looking at Screens
Whether you work on a computer or perhaps shift between various digital devices, all that time can cause your eyes to become dry. Here’s the reason; when you look at a digital device, the blink rate of your eye goes from 20 times a minute to 3 times a minute. With this significant drop in blink rate, an individual compromises the tear film that further leads to dry eyes and in some cases eyestrain as well.
So it’s imperative to counteract these effects. Make sure lower your computer screen, so there’s less exposed eye tissue for evaporative tear loss and also don’t forget to take a 20-sec break every 20-min when you are using a digital device.
There’s More than Just Dry Eyes
Honestly, it’s not just the dry eyes that an individual has to deal with. This condition may also get accompanied by burning, stinging, redness or irritation, sandy or gritty feeling in the eye, eye fatigue, blurred or fluctuating vision, mild itching and light sensitivity. Besides, you may even experience bouts of excessive tears due to severe dryness.
There are numerous potential eye drops that you can use when treating symptoms of dry eyes:
Artificial Tears: it’s the widespread treatment method and often available over-the-counter or online.
Cyclosporine: It’s also a prescription eye drop that is designed to help treat certain infections causing dry eye syndrome. This medication would help the eyes to produce more tears and is applied 2-times a day.
Lifitegrast: Mainly, this is a small molecule integrin antagonist that is meant to reduce T cell-mediated inflammation, and it’s only available through the prescription.