Health and Fitness · July 31, 2019

Stroke & Heart Diseases: Things to know

These days, the number of people suffering from stroke and heart diseases is increasing at a fast pace. Heart disease is termed to be a name that is given different kinds of conditions affecting the heart’s performance. Certain disturbances might take place in the heart’s action, without causing any disease in this organ. Palpitation is common among them, which could arise from emotional states like anxiety, grief, joy, anger or fear or to specific poisons like those present in tobacco, coffee, alcoholic drinks, tea or certain drugs. Those suffering from such issues should immediately visit one of the top 10 heart hospital in india to get prompt and proper treatment. 

Symptoms

As approaches heart failure, the real symptoms associated with heart disease also appear. The first symptom to be noticed is even slight exertion causing shortness of breath. Fullness after eating and distress are also common. the other early symptoms found are lack of endurance, weakness in legs, fullness in chest with palpitation of heart and dry cough, soreness and dull pain liver region, etc. Swelling may also take place the ankles and get worsen during the evenings only to disappear while sleeping. The patient might feel weak and completely exhausted on slight exertion including sleepless and restless. 

It is important for every individual suffering from different types of acute heart disease to visit the top physicians who can offer the best possible remedy and do away with such symptoms. Good food is a must especially those which does not cause indigestion and gas. Emotional outbursts like anger should be avoided. Rest is crucial both mental and physical. 

Types of heart diseases

  • Heart attack where part of heart muscle dies.
  • Angina, where the heart experiences poor blood circulation.
  • Atherosclerosis, where arteries harden. This is build-up of fat substances and cholesterol within the artery walls. Atherosclerosis is stated to be a progressive disease, developing within any artery and a common disorder. 
  • Arrhythmia, where heartbeat rhythm or rate is abnormal. 
  • Myocarditis: In this case, the heart muscle gets degenerated or there is inflammation, due to complications arising after or during parasitic infections, bacterial or viral diseases like influenza, polio, rheumatic fever or rubella. Different diseases might be the cause like hypertension, goitre endocarditis or syphilis. Muscle tissue overgrowth (hypertrophy) or heart muscle getting weakened, thus causing enlargement (dilation) may be associated with it. 
  • Rheumatic. Previously, it was considered to be a serious type during adolescence and childhood. It involved damage caused to all parts of the heart as well as its membranes. It is considered to be a complication that comes with rheumatic fever and occurs once this fever attacks. Antibiotics are prescribed, thus reducing the impact of this condition and is effective to fight streptococcal bacterium that causes rheumatic fever. 

Symptoms faced during heart attack

  • Discomfort or pain in the centre part of the chest.
  • Discomfort or pain arising in the upper portion of the body, including the stomach, jaw, neck, back and arms. 
  • Other symptoms like sweating at night, short of breath, light headedness or nausea 

Basics about stroke

It is considered to affect men more than women and is cited to be the 3rd major cause for death among men. It occurs if blood is not received by portion of the brain, thus causing death of brain cells. 

Stroke is of two types:

  • Haemorrhagic stroke, which occurs when the blood vessel within the brain bursts, bleeding blood into the brain. 
  • Ischemic stroke, where blood gets blocked from entering the brain. 

The person might even experience mini-stroke, which occurs, when for a short period of time, the brain receives less blood than what is considered normal. The signs could also be of full stroke or perhaps no signs might be experienced. It just lasts for about few minutes to around 24 hours and then the person is back to normal. There are some who do not even realize of having a heart stroke. Mini-stroke also is an indication of a major stroke to experience in the near future. 

It will be useful to know the different signs and symptoms associated with heart stroke and to consult the best doctors at the top 10 cardiology hospital in india.