Business · January 16, 2023

Simple Ways to Get Gross Working Capital in India



Gross working capital is an important parameter for assessing a company’s available cash flow. As a result, it is crucial in accounting operations, supporting both business owners and financial analysts in making critical financial decisions. However, to ensure complete profitability, company owners must employ measures for successfully managing gross working capital.

The gross working capital of a corporation is an essential indicator of its liquidity and financial soundness. It demonstrates the ease with which the corporation may repay its short-term commitments, such as bank overdrafts, debentures, and trade creditors. It also indicates the worth of the firm’s inventory and is thus used when determining the market value of a company for takeover reasons, etc. The current ratio is the most widely utilized ratio to compute GWC.

What exactly is Gross Working Capital?

Gross working capital is a company’s total current asset level at any given point in an accounting year. Any assets that may be turned into cash rapidly within an accounting period are included.

Examples include cash, inventories, accounts receivable, marketable securities, commercial paper, and short-term investments.

In other words, it is the amount of cash on hand for a corporation to satisfy its existing asset-related demands. In any given situation, a company’s gross working capital will always be negative. Working capital, on the other hand, does not offer a comprehensive picture of a company’s liquidity.

Gross Working Capital Calculation

Business owners and financial analysts use the following formula to calculate gross working capital: –

  • Gross Working Capital = Total Current Asset Value 


  • Cash and Marketable Securities + Receivables + Short Term Investments + Inventory + Other Current Assets = Gross Working Capital

If net working capital is positive, this indicates that the company’s current assets outnumber its current liabilities. Following that, to measure the company’s financial health, business owners must establish the working capital ratio. – is the formula for the ratio.

  • Working Capital Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities

A ratio of less than one indicates that the company may struggle to repay its short-term debt. A surplus of net working capital, on the other hand, may be detrimental to the company and should be channeled elsewhere. To put it another way, to accomplish its goals, a company’s management must ensure appropriate working capital management.

The Importance of Gross Working Capital

  • These remarks stress the importance of gross working capital.
  • A thorough evaluation of gross working capital about liabilities yields an accurate estimation of a company’s current liabilities.
  • Calculating a company’s gross working capital offers information about the predicted cash flow available to business owners.
  • It helps to determine a company’s financial status and capacity to repay loans on schedule.
  • It contributes to the computation of the working capital ratio, which is used to assess a company’s capacity to repay obligations on time.
  • Investors and shareholders may make educated investment decisions with the help of gross working capital.
  • Business entities and financial analysts can determine a company’s networking capital using gross working capital. A firm’s net working capital is regarded to be better capable of measuring the firm’s liquidity in any given circumstance.